HOME PENDAFTARAN LOGIN MEMBER LIST IKLAN
AGROBISNIS
BISNIS WARALABA
BUKU
EBOOK
ELEKTRONIK KONSUMEN
FASHION PRIA
FASHION WANITA
HOBI
HP & AKSESORIS
INTERNET
INVESTASI
JASA
KESEHATAN & KECANTIKAN
LAIN-LAIN
MAKANAN & MINUMAN
MOBIL
MOBIL AKSESORIS
MOBIL ONDERDIL
PELUANG BISNIS
KOMPUTER & LAPTOP
PERLENGKAPAN ANAK
PERLENGKAPAN BAYI
PERLENGKAPAN OLAHRAGA
PERLENGKAPAN KANTOR
PERLENGKAPAN RUMAH
RUMAH RUKO DISEWAKAN
RUMAH RUKO DIJUAL
SEPEDA MOTOR
WEBSITE
WISATA
Distributor Resmi Biolo Wootekh Aman

Biolo World Slimming Capsule merupakan produk terbaik yang di pasarkan oleh PT. Wootekh Indonesia, dengan sistem pemasaran member to member via agen resmi. Produk ini semakin hari semakin banyak di minati terutama untuk mereka yang gemuk atau ingin menurunkan berat badan dengan aman. Produk pelangsing ini sendiri juga bisa di katakan sebagai jamu pelangsing badan modern, tepatnya karena produk ini berbahan dasar dari tumbuhan, biji bijian, saripati bunga dan daun bahan yang di ambil dari alam menjadikan Biolo aman karena tidak mengandung bahan kimia berbahaya.

Khasiat dan Manfaat Biolo World Slimming Capsule

Soal khasiat Biolo WSC tidak diragukan lagi, obat pelangsing herbal ini sangat efektif membantu menurunkan berat badan anda dengan ideal, selain itu manfaat lain yang akan anda rasakan apabila mengkonsumsi pelangsing Biolo WSC antara lain:

  • Melangsingkan dan mengencangkan badan dalam waktu singkat
  • Menghilangkan timbunan lemak dalam tubuh, membantu mengeluarkannya melalui keringat, air seni dan BAB
  • Meningkatkan kinerja usus untuk membantu mengeluarkan toksin atau sampah
  • Menekan penyerapan lemak dalam usus dan lambung
  • Mengecilkan perut buncit, paha, lengan atas, bokong, betis
  • Menurunkan kadar trigliserida tinggi
  • Membuat wajah anda semakin berbinar
  • Menyehatkan limpa
  • Membuat tubuh semakin indah,sehat dan sexi

Kelebihan Biolo World Slimming Capsule

Kelebihan yang dimiliki Biolo World Slimming Capsule berhasil membuat produk ini menjadi BEST SELLER dari PT. Wootekh Indonesia. Sebagai distributor resmi pelangsing herbal yang terkenal di Indonesia dan terbukti mampu menurunkan berat badan 4 sampai 10 kilogram. Bahkan saat ini belum pernah ada orang yang meragukan dalam menurunkan berat badan setelah mengkonsumsinya. Dengan begitu, produk pelangsing herbal modern ini semakin dikenal masyarakat luas dan peminatnya pun juga semakin banyak. Secara garis besar memiliki kelebihan antara lain:

  • Menambah kemampuan kerja usus, membersihkan usus, toksin atau sampah, mengeluarkan lemak yang diserap usus serta meregulasi berbagai fungsi organ tubuh
  • Tidak mengeringkan rahim, tidak menyebabkan ketergantungan  dapat di hentikan penggunaannya sewaktu-waktu
  • Aman dikonsumsi dalam jangka yang panjang tidak menimbulkan efek samping negatif, dapat dikonsumsi oleh pria dan wanita, kaya unsur pembuang lemak, mengurai lemak dalam tubuh secara cepat dan keluar langsung lewat keringat atau air seni
  • Membersihkan usus dan menghilangkan toksin-toksin atau racun dalam tubuh sehingga dapat menyehatkan tubuh secara menyeluruh
  • Tidak menyebabkan ketergantungan dan dapat dihentikan penggunaannya sewaktu-waktu
  • Berat badan turun tanpa Harus diet ketat atau olahraga berat
  • Aman bagi penderita maag.
  • Tidak Diare, Mulas, Gemetaran, Sakit Kepala, dsb.

Apakah aman mengkonsumsi Biolo WSC dalam upaya penurunan berat badan?

Biolo World Slimming Capsule sudah ada di Indonesia, di pasarkan secara exclusive melalui jaringan member PT.Wootekh Indonesia sejak tahun 2003 jadi selama 11 tahun sampai saat ini tahun 2014, sudah puluhan ribu bahkan jutaan orang yang merasakan manfaat obat pelangsing ini. Rentang waktu telah membuktikan juga tingkat keamanan akan produk ini selama itu tidak pernah ada keluhan atau apapun yang ada kaitannya dengan resiko buruk atau kejadian masalah kesehatan akibat mengkonsumsi obat pelangsing Biolo. So jangan khawatir masalah keamanan, produk ini 100% aman tanpa efek samping.

Kandungan dan Komposisi Utama Biolo World Slimming Capsule

Bahan dasar yang digunakan dalam pembuatan obat pelangsing Biolo adalah kandungan herbal yang sudah secara turun temurun memang dikhususkan sebagai obat herbal penurun berat badan dengan kemajuan teknologi dan ilmu pengolahan produk obat herbal, maka lahirlah Biolo WSC hasil buah penelitian dan pengujian akan manfaat tanaman obat resep warisan leluhur tabib sinsei di China. Berikut di bawah ini adalah jenis kandungan herbal yang terkandung di dalamnya antara lain:

  • Cassia Seed (Biji cassia/sejenis kayu manis)
  • Lotus Leaf (Sari daun teratai)
  • Mulbery (Buah berry)
  • Hawtorn (Sejenis bunga ros)
  • Neroli (Minyak suling dari bunga jeruk orange, Jasmine, Rose (Daun mawar)
  • Flavonoid

Cara Mengkonsumi Biolo World Slimming Capsule dan Pantangannya

Cara konsumsi pelangsing Biolo WSC sama dengan aturan konsumsi yang baik dan benar agar memberikan hasil maksimal saat anda mengkonsumsinya, jadi semua obat itu baik jamu atau ramuan selalu ada aturan konsumsinya.

Dengan banyaknya jenis dari pelangsing, harganya juga bervariasi tentu cara menggunakannyapun akan berbeda beda, untuk itu dalam kesempatan kali ini kami sebagai distributor resmi akan memberikan penjelasan secara lengkap mengenai tata cara mengkonsumsinya, mulai dari persiapan sampai saat mengkonsumsi tentu agar anda akan merasa puas dengan khasiat yang diberikan oleh kandungan yang ada di dalam pil pelangsing mujarab ini.

Berikut adalah cara konsumsi pelangsing Biolo WSC beserta pantangan dan anjuran saat menggunakannya:

  • Pertama – tama pada pagi hari, ya inilah waktu yang paling tepat untuk minum obat pelangsing ini, anda melakukan sarapan dahulu diusahakan anda harus melakukan sarapan sebelum mengkonsumsi, apabila anda pertama kali mengkonsumsi cukup ambil satu kapsul lalu diminum, namun apabila anda sudah pernah atau rutin mengkonsumsinya  ini cukup lama bisa langsung minum dua kapsul, mengapa ada perbedaan seperti itu? mungkin itu adalah sebuah pertanyaan kini muncul di benak anda, mengkonsumsi 1 kapsul terlebih dahulu dimaksudkan untuk penyesuian.
  • Tidak dianjurkan mengkonsumsi pada sore atau malam hari
  • Perbanyak minum air putih. Mengapa harus banyak minum air putih? WSC Biolo bekerja membakar lemak di dalam tubuh dengan sangat efektif dan meningkatkan metabolisme tubuh, dalam pembakaran lemak tubuh membutuhkan banyak cairan agar hasilnya bisa semakin cepat terasa untuk itu minum air putih minimal 2 liter dalam sehari.
  • Meskipun anda sedang menjalankan diet,  tubuh masih sangat memerlukan asupan makanan untuk itu kami anjurkan untuk tetap makan seperti biasa 3 kali dalam sehari walaupun dalam porsi kecil.
  • Hindari minuman mengandung alkohol dan mengandung soda, karena di dalam minuman tersebut kandungan tertingginya gula jadi kurang baik bagi anda yang ingin memiliki badan langsing ideal dan sehat.
  • Kurangi atau kalau bisa stop dahulu minuman atau makanan mengandung kadar manis terlalu tinggi.
  • Kurangi juga setiap makanan atau minuman yang terlalu asin dan banyak mengandung penyedap buatan.
  • Hindari setiap makanan yang terlalu banyak mengandung lemak
  • Perbanyak makan buah dan sayur
  • Lakukan olahraga ringan, seperti berjalan kaki, bersepeda, pokonya sebuah kegiatan yang dapat mengeluarkan keringat minimal 30 menit dalam sehari secara rutin

Dengan mengikuti aturan konsumsi WSC Biolo seperti sudah kami uraikan penjelasannya di atas, maka estimasi penurunan berat badan akan diperoleh adalah 3-15 kg. Hasil pada setiap orang tentu akan berbeda-beda, tergantung dari berat badan awal sebelum mengkonsumsi, keteraturan minum dan tingkat metabolisme tubuh seseorang. Akan tetapi sampai saat ini reaksi untuk menurunkan berat badan masih menjadi yang pertama karena belum pernah ada yang gagal menurunkan berat badan dalam masa konsumsi 1 bulan atau 2 bulan penuh.

Semoga penjelasan anjuran mengkonsumsi yang baik dan benar diatas bisa membantu anda yang membutuhkan informasi mengenai ini, So anda tidak perlu bertanya-tanya lagi kepada teman bagaimana cara mengkonsumsi pil pelangsing herbal mujarab ini, selanjutnya yang belum minum WSC Biolo segera pesan serta buktikan sendiri khasiatnya.

Isi 1 Botol Biolo World Slimming Capsule

  • 1 Botol Biolo WSC berisi 60 kapsul
  • No. Standarisasi: Q / BM 01-2003
  • No. Lisensi Kesehatan: WSJZ (2003) N0. 0568

Be Smart Buyer, Hati-hati Produk PALSU!!!

Bahaya hati-hati Sis, jangan pernah tergiur dengan Obat Pelangsing WSC Biolo dengan harga murah tapi PALSU, asli dan palsu tidak bisa dibedakan secara kasat mata, yang membedakan hanyalah khasiatnya. Kalau yang asli pasti berkhasiat untuk melangsingkan tubuh ideal kamu sangat efektif, cepat, aman, legal dan terjamin isi dan kualitasnya. Kalau yang palsu dari harganya saja mereka jual sangat murah, pasti akan sangat membahayakan bagi tubuh. Dalam jangka panjang bisa membahayakan ginjal, liver dan organ tubuh Anda lainnya, bijaklah dalam belanja Online, pastikan Anda membeli WSC Biolo ASLI hanya di toko kami

Biolo World Slimming Capsule merupakan pelangsing herbal yang sangat ampuh dan terbukti menurunkan berat badan tanpa efek samping. Produk pelangsing herbal ini diproduksi langsung dari China yang didistribusikan oleh PT. Wootekh Indonesia. Terwujudnya tubuh yang langsing sehingga sangat laris di kalangan masyarakat dengan tiada hentinya permintaan akan obat pelangsing ini. Semakin larisnya mengakibatkan kurangnya stock yang tersedia karena permintaan yang membludak tanpa diketahui oleh pihak PT. Wootekh Indonesia. Pada saat mengalami kehabisan stock muncullah tiba-tiba pihak yang tidak berwenang melakukan pemalsuan terhadap produk ini dengan meniru sample kemasan Biolo WSC asli persis seperti kemasan asli. maka dari itu kami akan membongkar perbedaan antara Biolo palsu dan Biolo Asli dibawah ini :

Cara Membedakan Biolo Asli dan Palsu

Membeli WSC Biolo adalah tujuan kita semua dengan harapan ingin menurunkan berat badan dengan cepat tanpa harus olahraga. Akan tetapi hadirnya yang palsu membuat kita khawatir apakah obat yang dibeli merupakan produk asli atau pun palsu. Oleh Karena itu disini kami akan menjelaskan perbedaan nyata berdasarkan ciri-ciri fisik.

Biolo Asli mempunyai ciri-ciri fisik sebagai berikut:

  • Kondisi segel rapi
  • Angka expired date dibawah sampul tertulis besar sedangkan yang palsu tertulis kecil
  • Tulisan di atas barcode WSC Biolo asli tertulis tebal dan WSC Biolo palsu tertulis tipis
  • Warna logo Wootekh W merah menyala sedangkan WSC Biolo palsu cenderung merah pudar
  • Tulisan bagian sampul kemasan WSC Biolo Asli lebih tebal dari pada yang palsu

Membedakan Biolo Asli dengan cara melarutkannya

Secara kasat mata kita tidak bisa bedakan membedakan mana asli dengan palsu namun yang bisa membedakannya yaitu pada larutannya. Produk asli jika dilarutkan ke dalam air maka larutannya akan berwarna kekuning-kuningan dan bening sedangkan yang tiruan jika dilarutkan ke dalam air maka akan berwarna kecoklat-coklatan dan keruh.

Pemalsuan obat pelangsing Biolo saat ini sudah sangat semarak. Kami menghimbau agar Anda berhati-hati melakukan pembelian atau pemesanan produk ini. Pesanlah obat pelangsing Biolo pada distributor resmi PT. Wootekh Indonesia. Jangan sia-siakan uang Anda dengan membeli produk dari tempat lain. Belanja disini aman dan produknya semua asli dan original, serta tidak dijual di bawah harga Rp220.000.

Dengan mengkonsumsi obat pelangsing manjur obat pelangsing Biolo masalah berat badan anda akan selesai dan andapun segera memiliki penampilan yang baik, dengan tubuh ideal sehingga semakin percaya diri dalam bersosialisasi dengan lingkungan kerja maupun relasi bisnis anda, ingat pula kesehatan tubuh bisa di lihat dari indikator berat badan ideal seseorang, banyak resiko penyakit yang mungkin merongrong orang gemuk, dengan langkah cepat anda sejak dini akan menghilangkan resiko tersebut.

Segera pesan dan dapatkan obat pelangsing Biolo asli pada Distributor Produk Kecantikan dan Kesehatan dengan menghubungi kami pada halaman cara pemesanan di bawah ini. Buruaan sebelum stock kehabisaaan..

Paket Eceran dan Grosir Biolo World Slimming Capsule

  • Biolo World Slimming Capsule Paket 1 : 1-10 pcs Harga @Rp. 330.000
  • Biolo World Slimming Capsule Paket 2 : 11-50 pcs Harga @Rp. 320.000
  • Biolo World Slimming Capsule Paket 3 : 51-100 pcs Harga @Rp. 300.000

Key :

  • Harga WSC Biolo Asli
  • Jual WSC Biolo Murah
  • Tempat Jual WSC Biolo Pelangsing Original
  • Distributor Resmi WSC Biolo Terpercaya
  • Agen Resmi WSC Biolo Aman
  • WSC Biolo Aman digunakan dan tanpa efek samping

 


As Vice Moves More to TV, It Tries to Keep Brash Voice

The live music at the Vice Media party on Friday shook the room. Shane Smith, Vice’s chief executive, was standing near the stage — with a drink in his hand, pants sagging, tattoos showing — watching the rapper-cum-chef Action Bronson make pizzas.

The event was an after-party, a happy-hour bacchanal for the hundreds of guests who had come for Vice’s annual presentation to advertisers and agencies that afternoon, part of the annual frenzy for ad dollars called the Digital Content NewFronts. Mr. Smith had spoken there for all of five minutes before running a slam-bang highlight reel of the company’s shows that had titles like “Weediquette” and “Gaycation.”

In the last year, Vice has secured $500 million in financing and signed deals worth hundreds of millions of dollars with established media companies like HBO that are eager to engage the young viewers Vice attracts. Vice said it was now worth at least $4 billion, with nearly $1 billion in projected revenue for 2015. It is a long way from Vice’s humble start as a free magazine in 1994.

Photo
 
At the Vice after-party, the rapper Action Bronson, a host of a Vice show, made a pizza. Credit Jesse Dittmar for The New York Times

But even as cash flows freely in Vice’s direction, the company is trying to keep its brash, insurgent image. At the party on Friday, it plied guests with beers and cocktails. Its apparently unrehearsed presentation to advertisers was peppered with expletives. At one point, the director Spike Jonze, a longtime Vice collaborator, asked on stage if Mr. Smith had been drinking.

“My assistant tried to cut me off,” Mr. Smith replied. “I’m on buzz control.”

Now, Vice is on the verge of getting its own cable channel, which would give the company a traditional outlet for its slate of non-news programming. If all goes as planned, A&E Networks, the television group owned by Hearst and Disney, will turn over its History Channel spinoff, H2, to Vice.

The deal’s announcement was expected last week, but not all of A&E’s distribution partners — the cable and satellite TV companies that carry the network’s channels — have signed off on the change, according to a person familiar with the negotiations who spoke on the condition of anonymity because the talks were private.

A cable channel would be a further step in a transformation for Vice, from bad-boy digital upstart to mainstream media company.

Keen for the core audience of young men who come to Vice, media giants like 21st Century Fox, Time Warner and Disney all showed interest in the company last year. Vice ultimately secured $500 million in financing from A&E Networks and Technology Crossover Ventures, a Silicon Valley venture capital firm that has invested in Facebook and Netflix.

Those investments valued Vice at more than $2.5 billion. (In 2013, Fox bought a 5 percent stake for $70 million.)

Then in March, HBO announced that it had signed a multiyear deal to broadcast a daily half-hour Vice newscast. Vice already produces a weekly newsmagazine show, called “Vice,” for the network. That show will extend its run through 2018, with an increase to 35 episodes a year, from 14.

Michael Lombardo, HBO’s president for programming, said when the deal was announced that it was “certainly one of our biggest investments with hours on the air.”

Vice, based in Brooklyn, also recently signed a multiyear $100 million deal with Rogers Communications, a Canadian media conglomerate, to produce original content for TV, smartphone and desktop viewers.

Vice’s finances are private, but according to an internal document reviewed by The New York Times and verified by a person familiar with the company’s financials, the company is on track to make about $915 million in revenue this year.

Photo
 
Vice showed a highlight reel of its TV series at the NewFronts last week in New York. Credit Jesse Dittmar for The New York Times

It brought in $545 million in a strong first quarter, which included portions of the new HBO deal and the Rogers deal, according to the document. More of its revenue now comes from these types of content partnerships, compared with the branded content deals that made up much of its revenue a year ago, the company said.

Mr. Smith said the company was worth at least $4 billion. If the valuation gets much higher, he said he would consider taking the company public.

“I don’t care about money; we have plenty of money,” Mr. Smith, who is Vice’s biggest shareholder, said in an interview after the presentation on Friday. “I care about strategic deals.”

In the United States, Vice Media had 35.2 million unique visitors across its sites in March, according to comScore.

The third season of Vice’s weekly HBO show has averaged 1.8 million viewers per episode, including reruns, through April 12, according to Brad Adgate, the director of research at Horizon Media. (Vice said the show attracted three million weekly viewers when repeat broadcasts, online and on-demand viewings were included.)

For years, Mr. Smith has criticized traditional TV, calling it slow and unable to draw younger viewers. But if all the deals Vice has struck are to work out, Mr. Smith may have to play more by the rules of traditional media. James Murdoch, Rupert Murdoch’s son and a member of Vice’s board, was at the company’s presentation on Friday, as were other top media executives.

“They know they need people like me to help them, but they can’t get out of their own way,” Mr. Smith said in the interview Friday. “My only real frustration is we’re used to being incredibly dynamic, and they’re not incredibly dynamic.”

With its own television channel in the United States, Vice would have something it has long coveted even as traditional media companies are looking beyond TV. Last year, Vice’s deal with Time Warner failed in part because the two companies could not agree on how much control Vice would have over a 24-hour television network.

Vice said it intended to fill its new channel with non-news programming. The company plans to have sports shows, fashion shows, food shows and the “Gaycation” travel show with the actress Ellen Page. It is also in talks with Kanye West about a show.

It remains to be seen whether Vice’s audience will watch a traditional cable channel. Still, Vice has effectively presold all of the ad spots to two of the biggest advertising agencies for the first three years, Mr. Smith said.

In the meantime, Mr. Smith is enjoying Vice’s newfound role as a potential savior of traditional media companies.

“I’m a C.E.O. of a content company,” Mr. Smith said before he caught a flight to Las Vegas for the boxing match on Saturday between Floyd Mayweather Jr. and Manny Pacquiao. “If it stops being fun, then why are you doing it?”

The Uphill Battle to Better Regulate Formaldehyde

WASHINGTON — A decade after emergency trailers meant to shelter Hurricane Katrina victims instead caused burning eyes, sore throats and other more serious ailments, the Environmental Protection Agency is on the verge of regulating the culprit: formaldehyde, a chemical that can be found in commonplace things like clothes and furniture.

But an unusual assortment of players, including furniture makers, the Chinese government, Republicans from states with a large base of furniture manufacturing and even some Democrats who championed early regulatory efforts, have questioned the E.P.A. proposal. The sustained opposition has held sway, as the agency is now preparing to ease key testing requirements before it releases the landmark federal health standard.

The E.P.A.’s five-year effort to adopt this rule offers another example of how industry opposition can delay and hamper attempts by the federal government to issue regulations, even to control substances known to be harmful to human health.

Continue reading the main story
 

Document: The Formaldehyde Fight

Formaldehyde is a known carcinogen that can also cause respiratory ailments like asthma, but the potential of long-term exposure to cause cancers like myeloid leukemia is less well understood.

The E.P.A.’s decision would be the first time that the federal government has regulated formaldehyde inside most American homes.

“The stakes are high for public health,” said Tom Neltner, senior adviser for regulatory affairs at the National Center for Healthy Housing, who has closely monitored the debate over the rules. “What we can’t have here is an outcome that fails to confront the health threat we all know exists.”

The proposal would not ban formaldehyde — commonly used as an ingredient in wood glue in furniture and flooring — but it would impose rules that prevent dangerous levels of the chemical’s vapors from those products, and would set testing standards to ensure that products sold in the United States comply with those limits. The debate has sharpened in the face of growing concern about the safety of formaldehyde-treated flooring imported from Asia, especially China.

What is certain is that a lot of money is at stake: American companies sell billions of dollars’ worth of wood products each year that contain formaldehyde, and some argue that the proposed regulation would impose unfair costs and restrictions.

Determined to block the agency’s rule as proposed, these industry players have turned to the White House, members of Congress and top E.P.A. officials, pressing them to roll back the testing requirements in particular, calling them redundant and too expensive.

“There are potentially over a million manufacturing jobs that will be impacted if the proposed rule is finalized without changes,” wrote Bill Perdue, the chief lobbyist at the American Home Furnishings Alliance, a leading critic of the testing requirements in the proposed regulation, in one letter to the E.P.A.

Industry opposition helped create an odd alignment of forces working to thwart the rule. The White House moved to strike out key aspects of the proposal. Subsequent appeals for more changes were voiced by players as varied as Senator Barbara Boxer, Democrat of California, and Senator Roger Wicker, Republican of Mississippi, as well as furniture industry lobbyists.

Hurricane Katrina in 2005 helped ignite the public debate over formaldehyde, after the deadly storm destroyed or damaged hundreds of thousands of homes along the Gulf of Mexico, forcing families into temporary trailers provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

The displaced storm victims quickly began reporting respiratory problems, burning eyes and other issues, and tests then confirmed high levels of formaldehyde fumes leaking into the air inside the trailers, which in many cases had been hastily constructed.

Public health advocates petitioned the E.P.A. to issue limits on formaldehyde in building materials and furniture used in homes, given that limits already existed for exposure in workplaces. But three years after the storm, only California had issued such limits.

Industry groups like the American Chemistry Council have repeatedly challenged the science linking formaldehyde to cancer, a position championed by David Vitter, the Republican senator from Louisiana, who is a major recipient of chemical industry campaign contributions, and whom environmental groups have mockingly nicknamed “Senator Formaldehyde.”

Continue reading the main story

Formaldehyde in Laminate Flooring

In laminate flooring, formaldehyde is used as a bonding agent in the fiberboard (or other composite wood) core layer and may also be used in glues that bind layers together. Concerns were raised in March when certain laminate flooring imported from China was reported to contain levels of formaldehyde far exceeding the limit permitted by California.

Typical

laminate

flooring

CLEAR FINISH LAYER

Often made of melamine resin

PATTERN LAYER

Paper printed to resemble wood,

or a thin wood veneer

GLUE

Layers may be bound using

formaldehyde-based glues

CORE LAYER

Fiberboard or other

composite, formed using

formaldehyde-based adhesives

BASE LAYER

Moisture-resistant vapor barrier

What is formaldehyde?

Formaldehyde is a common chemical used in many industrial and household products as an adhesive, bonding agent or preservative. It is classified as a volatile organic compound. The term volatile means that, at room temperature, formaldehyde will vaporize, or become a gas. Products made with formaldehyde tend to release this gas into the air. If breathed in large quantities, it may cause health problems.

WHERE IT IS COMMONLY FOUND

POTENTIAL HEALTH RISKS

Pressed-wood and composite wood products

Wallpaper and paints

Spray foam insulation used in construction

Commercial wood floor finishes

Crease-resistant fabrics

In cigarette smoke, or in the fumes from combustion of other materials, including wood, oil and gasoline.

Exposure to formaldehyde in sufficient amounts may cause eye, throat or skin irritation, allergic reactions, and respiratory problems like coughing, wheezing or asthma.

Long-term exposure to high levels has been associated with cancer in humans and laboratory animals.

Exposure to formaldehyde may affect some people more severely than others.

By 2010, public health advocates and some industry groups secured bipartisan support in Congress for legislation that ordered the E.P.A. to issue federal rules that largely mirrored California’s restrictions. At the time, concerns were rising over the growing number of lower-priced furniture imports from Asia that might include contaminated products, while also hurting sales of American-made products.

Maneuvering began almost immediately after the E.P.A. prepared draft rules to formally enact the new standards.

White House records show at least five meetings in mid-2012 with industry executives — kitchen cabinet makers, chemical manufacturers, furniture trade associations and their lobbyists, like Brock R. Landry, of the Venable law firm. These parties, along with Senator Vitter’s office, appealed to top administration officials, asking them to intervene to roll back the E.P.A. proposal.

The White House Office of Management and Budget, which reviews major federal regulations before they are adopted, apparently agreed. After the White House review, the E.P.A. “redlined” many of the estimates of the monetary benefits that would be gained by reductions in related health ailments, like asthma and fertility issues, documents reviewed by The New York Times show.

As a result, the estimated benefit of the proposed rule dropped to $48 million a year, from as much as $278 million a year. The much-reduced amount deeply weakened the agency’s justification for the sometimes costly new testing that would be required under the new rules, a federal official involved in the effort said.

“It’s a redlining blood bath,” said Lisa Heinzerling, a Georgetown University Law School professor and a former E.P.A. official, using the Washington phrase to describe when language is stricken from a proposed rule. “Almost the entire discussion of these potential benefits was excised.”

Senator Vitter’s staff was pleased.

“That’s a huge difference,” said Luke Bolar, a spokesman for Mr. Vitter, of the reduced estimated financial benefits, saying the change was “clearly highlighting more mismanagement” at the E.P.A.

Advertisement

The review’s outcome galvanized opponents in the furniture industry. They then targeted a provision that mandated new testing of laminated wood, a cheaper alternative to hardwood. (The California standard on which the law was based did not require such testing.)

But E.P.A. scientists had concluded that these laminate products — millions of which are sold annually in the United States — posed a particular risk. They said that when thin layers of wood, also known as laminate or veneer, are added to furniture or flooring in the final stages of manufacturing, the resulting product can generate dangerous levels of fumes from often-used formaldehyde-based glues.

Industry executives, outraged by what they considered an unnecessary and financially burdensome level of testing, turned every lever within reach to get the requirement removed. It would be particularly onerous, they argued, for small manufacturers that would have to repeatedly interrupt their work to do expensive new testing. The E.P.A. estimated that the expanded requirements for laminate products would cost the furniture industry tens of millions of dollars annually, while the industry said that the proposed rule over all would cost its 7,000 American manufacturing facilities over $200 million each year.

“A lot of people don’t seem to appreciate what a lot of these requirements do to a small operation,” said Dick Titus, executive vice president of the Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association, whose members are predominantly small businesses. “A 10-person shop, for example, just really isn’t equipped to handle that type of thing.”

Photo
 
Becky Gillette wants strong regulation of formaldehyde. Credit Beth Hall for The New York Times

Big industry players also weighed in. Executives from companies including La-Z-Boy, Hooker Furniture and Ashley Furniture all flew to Washington for a series of meetings with the offices of lawmakers including House Speaker John Boehner, Republican of Ohio, and about a dozen other lawmakers, asking several of them to sign a letter prepared by the industry to press the E.P.A. to back down, according to an industry report describing the lobbying visit.

Within a matter of weeks, two letters — using nearly identical language — were sent by House and Senate lawmakers to the E.P.A. — with the industry group forwarding copies of the letters to the agency as well, and then posting them on its website.

The industry lobbyists also held their own meeting at E.P.A. headquarters, and they urged Jim Jones, who oversaw the rule-making process as the assistant administrator for the agency’s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention, to visit a North Carolina furniture manufacturing plant. According to the trade group, Mr. Jones told them that the visit had “helped the agency shift its thinking” about the rules and how laminated products should be treated.

The resistance was particularly intense from lawmakers like Mr. Wicker of Mississippi, whose state is home to major manufacturing plants owned by Ashley Furniture Industries, the world’s largest furniture maker, and who is one of the biggest recipients in Congress of donations from the industry’s trade association. Asked if the political support played a role, a spokesman for Mr. Wicker replied: “Thousands of Mississippians depend on the furniture manufacturing industry for their livelihoods. Senator Wicker is committed to defending all Mississippians from government overreach.”

Individual companies like Ikea also intervened, as did the Chinese government, which claimed that the new rule would create a “great barrier” to the import of Chinese products because of higher costs.

Perhaps the most surprising objection came from Senator Boxer, of California, a longtime environmental advocate, whose office questioned why the E.P.A.’s rule went further than her home state’s in seeking testing on laminated products. “We did not advocate an outcome, other than safety,” her office said in a statement about why the senator raised concerns. “We said ‘Take a look to see if you have it right.’ ”

Safety advocates say that tighter restrictions — like the ones Ms. Boxer and Mr. Wicker, along with Representative Doris Matsui, a California Democrat, have questioned — are necessary, particularly for products coming from China, where items as varied as toys and Christmas lights have been found to violate American safety standards.

While Mr. Neltner, the environmental advocate who has been most involved in the review process, has been open to compromise, he has pressed the E.P.A. not to back down entirely, and to maintain a requirement that laminators verify that their products are safe.

An episode of CBS’s “60 Minutes” in March brought attention to the issue when it accused Lumber Liquidators, the discount flooring retailer, of selling laminate products with dangerous levels of formaldehyde. The company has disputed the show’s findings and test methods, maintaining that its products are safe.

“People think that just because Congress passed the legislation five years ago, the problem has been fixed,” said Becky Gillette, who then lived in coastal Mississippi, in the area hit by Hurricane Katrina, and was among the first to notice a pattern of complaints from people living in the trailers. “Real people’s faces and names come up in front of me when I think of the thousands of people who could get sick if this rule is not done right.”

An aide to Ms. Matsui rejected any suggestion that she was bending to industry pressure.

“From the beginning the public health has been our No. 1 concern,” said Kyle J. Victor, an aide to Ms. Matsui.

But further changes to the rule are likely, agency officials concede, as they say they are searching for a way to reduce the cost of complying with any final rule while maintaining public health goals. The question is just how radically the agency will revamp the testing requirement for laminated products — if it keeps it at all.

“It’s not a secret to anybody that is the most challenging issue,” said Mr. Jones, the E.P.A. official overseeing the process, adding that the health consequences from formaldehyde are real. “We have to reduce those exposures so that people can live healthy lives and not have to worry about being in their homes.”

Untuk Info Lebih Detail, Silahkan Hubungi :
Nama : Eka Hidayatullah
Telp : 081297559545
SMS/WA : 081297559545
Pin BB : D3785743
Email : [email protected]
Website : www.pusatgrosirmurah-id.com
Share this Advertise on :
Produk Iklan Terkait Lainnya :
Tempat Penjualan Obat Peninggi Badan Tiens Terbukti
Cara Pemesanan Obat Peninggi Badan Tiens Terbukti
Distributor Resmi Biolo Penurun Berat Badan Aman
Dosis Obat Peninggi Badan Tiens Termurah
Tempat Jual Krim Pengencang Payudara Ayla Breast Care NASA Cepat
Service AC Mobil Murah

Pusat Informasi Lowongan Kerja Terbaru 2017

Copyright 2014 All right reserved | Created by SangMio | Supported by Pasang Iklan Baris Massal