HOME PENDAFTARAN LOGIN MEMBER LIST IKLAN
==> PRODUK KESEHATAN NASA <==
Natural Lecithin NASA
Neo Lecithin Kapsul NASA
Natural Chlorophyllin NASA
Natural Brain Power ENBEPE NASA
Asam Amino Evolution AMNE NASA
Hu Wang Tea NASA
Natural Calsea Plus NASA
Natural Royal Jelly NASA
Serbuk Beras Merah Natural SBMN NASA
Serbuk Beras Merah Natural Besar SBMNB NASA
Cordymune NASA
Herbastamin NASA
Acaiplus NASA
Radix GM Rasa Madu NASA
Radix GM Rasa Coklat NASA
Natural Lecithin Besar NASA
Natural Chlorophyllin Powder NASA
Natural Red Chlorophyllin Powder NASA
Natural Ekstak Slim NASA/ENESLIM NASA
Natural Royal Honey NASA
Natural Honey Super Kids NASA
Super Nano Propolis/SUNPRO NASA
==> PRODUK RUMAH TANGGA NASA <==
Natural Super Clean NASA
Detergen Star 7 NASA
Pasta Gigi NASA PGN
Serbuk Kedelai Organik SKAO NASA
Natural Teh Celup NASA
Natural The Persada NASA
Kecap Sedap Natural NASA
Kopi Ginseng NASA
==> PRODUK KOSMETIK DAN PERAWATAN TUBUH <==
Milk Beauty Soap NASA
Natural Crystal X Asli NASA
Natural Lulur Putih NASA
Grece Body Crystal NASA
Sabun Lulur Plus Zaytun Madu Zayma NASA
Paket Moreskin NASA
Moreskin Cream Pagi NASA
Moreskin Cream Malam NASA
Ayla Breast Care NASA
Collagen Skin Care NASA
Collaskin Facial Cleanser NASA
Colladrink NASA
Jual Crystal X Asli Original NASA di Denpasar

SOLUSI PERAWATAN “KEWANITAAN”
PALING FENOMENAL!!!
UNTUK YANG TELAH MENIKAH MAUPUN BELUM.

 

 

APAKAH ANDA MENGALAMI MASALAH DENGAN BAGIAN KEWANITAAN ANDA SEPERTI BERIKUT INI ?

  • Keputihan yang tidak hilang-hilang padahal sudah mencoba berbagai macam obat bahkan sampai ke dokter.
  • Keluar bau tak sedap, gerah & gatal-gatal dari area V karena haid, pasca melahirkan atau sebab yang tidak anda ketahui.
  • Miss-V anda kurang kencang, kurang peka tidak seperti saat sebelum melahirkan sehingga anda dan suami anda menjadi kurang puas saat berhubungan intim.
  • Dan yang paling penting adalah anda ingin terhindar dari berbagai penyakit kelamin & reproduksi seperti myom, kista, kanker serviks dan lain sebaginya.

“NATURAL CRYSTAL X”

REG. IDM000245253 – POM NA 18151600018

 

 
 
 
 
Inilah cara “PALING” PRAKTIS , CEPAT & AMAN untuk mencegah kanker seviks, obat keputihan separah apapun, menghilangkan bau tak sedap, gerah dan gatal. Mempercepat proses pembersihan setelah haid dan melahirkan. Merawat, memanjakan dan mengembali-kan Kelenturan, Sensitifitas, vitalitas serta “KEKUATAN” bagian kewanitaan Anda.


 

 

 

“INILAH RAHASIA AGAR MISS-V KEMBALI MENYEMPIT DAN MEMILIKI DAYA CENGKRAM SEPERTI PERAWAN LAGI”

Pesan Crystal X sekarang juga!!!

 Dapatkan DISKON ISTIMEWA untuk pemesanan minimal 2 box.

HANYA DENGAN RP. 200.000,-

 MAKA PRODUK ISTIMEWA INI BISA ANDA MILIKI


Sekilas tentang Crystal X

Crystal X memiliki panjang 6 cm dengan diameter 1 cm dengan permukaan yang halus sehingga nyaman dan aman untuk digunakan karena kandungan bahan organiknya akan memberikan nutrisi kepada dinding selaput vagina.

Cara Pemakaian. Ada beberapa cara untuk menggunakan produk ini diantaranya :

  • Celupkan crystal x 1/3 hingga 1/2 bagian kedalam air yang bersih lalu oleskan kesekitar diding miss v dan bisa juga bagian selangkangan. Cara ini dianjurkan bagi perawatan semua kalangan wanita terutama yang belum menikah.
  • Rendam selama 1-2 menit dalam air hangat atau dikucek-kucek sekitar 20 detik lalu ainya dipakai untuk cebok. Cara ini lebih efektif bagi yang terkena masalah keputihan untuk gadis yang belum menikah atau anak-anak.
  • Untuk hasil yang lebih maksimal dan tepat untuk kebutuhan Anda silahkan konsultasikan kepada kami tentang cara pemakaian CrystalX.

Dosis pemakaian :

  • 1 s/d 2 kali sehari sehabis mandi (untuk perawatan awal)
  • Disarankan untuk dipakai 5 menit sebelum dan sesudah berhubungan intim

Crystal X bisa dipakai selama 2-3 bulan. Keterangan lengkap tentang Crystal X dapat dilihat disini.


AWAS PRODUK TIRUAN!!!!

KENALI CIRI PRODUK YANG ASLI…

Dapatkan Crystal-X yang asli

dengan DOUBLE GARANSI hanya disini!!!

  • GARANSI 1 : Produk akan diganti jika diterima dalam kondisi rusak akibat pengiriman.
  • GARANSI 2 : Jika ternyata dalam 1 minggu pemakaian produk ini tidak berfungsi/berkhasiat seperti apa yang diiklankan di website ini dan Anda merasa tidak puas dengan produk ini. 100% uang Anda kami kembalikan tanpa pengurangan.

INTINYA, KAMI MENJAMIN KEPUASAN ANDA !!!

TAG :

  • Jual Crystal X Asli NASA

  • Distributor Resmi Crystal X Asli NASA

  • Harga Crystal X Asli NASA

  • Tempat Jual Crystal X Asli NASA

  • Pusat Toko Crystal X Asli NASA

  • COD Crystal X Asli NASA

  • Bayar di Tempat Crystal X Asli NASA

  • Free Ongkir Crystal X Asli NASA

  • Agen Resmi Crystal X Asli NASA

  • Grosir Crystal X Asli NASA

  • Member Crystal X Asli NASA

  • Reseller Crystal X Asli NASA

  • Dropshiper Crystal X Asli NASA

  • Cara menjadi Member Crystal X PT NASA

  • Cara bergabung menjadi Agen Crystal X Asli NASA

  • Jual Crystal X Original NASA

  • Distributor Resmi Crystal X Original NASA

  • Harga Crystal X Original NASA

  • Tempat Jual Crystal X Original NASA

  • Pusat Toko Crystal X Original NASA

  • COD Crystal X Original NASA

  • Bayar di Tempat Crystal X Original NASA

  • Free Ongkir Crystal X Original NASA

  • Agen Resmi Crystal X Original NASA

  • Grosir Crystal X Original NASA

  • Member Crystal X Original NASA

  • Reseller Crystal X Original NASA

  • Dropshiper Crystal X Original NASA

  • Cara menjadi Member Crystal X PT NASA

  • Cara bergabung menjadi Agen Crystal X Original NASA

. australian gold crystal xii,5 crystal shards xenoverse,5 efek samping pemakaian crystal x,8x10 crystal picture frame,a single-crystal x-ray diffraction,ainol novo 7 crystal xda,apakah crystal x itu,api crystal 1 x6,aquos crystal 2 x,aquos crystal x 305sh,aquos crystal x 306sh,aquos crystal x 401sh,aquos crystal x 402 sh,aquos crystal x 402sh price,aquos crystal x 402sh unlock,aquos crystal x 4pda,aquos crystal x 5.0,aquos crystal x android 5.0,aquos crystal x android5 0,aquos crystal x x,aquos crystal x xach tay,aquos crystal y x,aquos crystal y x 違い,araldite® crystal 2 x 15ml,avail vs crystal x,biodata krystal f(x),blue bolt x krystal red,cafeteira moka crystal 4 xícaras vermelho,crystal 1600mm x 700mm whirlpool bath,crystal 2 xtheme apk,crystal 3.2 x 2.5,crystal 6 0j x 17,crystal 6 0j x 17 et48,crystal 6.0j x 17,crystal and xanax,crystal and xav,crystal and xml,crystal disk info 6.x from website,crystal f(x) the heirs,crystal g x09,crystal palace 0 x 1 leicester,crystal palace 0 x 1 leicester city,crystal palace 0 x 3 chelsea,crystal palace 0 x 3 chelsea gols,crystal palace 1 x 2 arsenal,crystal palace 1 x 2 chelsea,crystal palace 1 x 2 liverpool,crystal palace 1 x 3 tottenham,crystal palace 2 x 0 west bromwich,crystal palace 3 x 1 liverpool,crystal palace 3 x 3 liverpool,crystal palace 5 x 1 newcastle,crystal palace v everton,crystal palace x liverpool 06/03,crystal photo frame 5x7,crystal picture frames 5x7,crystal reports red x,crystal reports viewer red x,crystal vision x night breaker,crystal x,crystal x 0円,crystal x 100 ribu,crystal x 2,crystal x 2014,crystal x 2015,crystal x 2017,crystal x 305sh,crystal x 402 sh,crystal x 80rb,crystal x 94,crystal x 96,crystal x adalah,crystal x ali mustofa,crystal x apotik,crystal x asli,crystal x asli 2015,crystal x asli 2017,crystal x asli garansi 3 bulan,crystal x asli harga,crystal x asli kemasan baru,crystal x asli luntur,crystal x asli nasa,crystal x asli pt nasa,crystal x asli untuk organ kewanitaan anda,crystal x asli vs palsu,crystal x bagi ibu hamil,crystal x banjarmasin,crystal x barcode,crystal x baru,crystal x berbahaya,crystal x bikin gatal,crystal x bisa melancarkan haid,crystal x buat ambeien,crystal x buat ibu hamil,crystal x buat promil,crystal x cara kerja,crystal x cara pakai,crystal x cara pakainya,crystal x cepat hamil,crystal x cilacap,crystal x cilegon,crystal x cimahi,crystal x cirebon,crystal x crystal x,crystal x cv indoraya utama,crystal x d i apotek,crystal x dan harganya,crystal x dan herbastamin,crystal x dan kista,crystal x dari nasa,crystal x di apotik,crystal x di bandung,crystal x di bekasi,crystal x di lazada,crystal x di toko herbal jakarta,crystal x dokter boyke,crystal x efek,crystal x efek negatif,crystal x eksklusif,crystal x embos,crystal x english,crystal x english version,crystal x exclusive,crystal x expired,crystal x facebook,crystal x factor,crystal x female daily,crystal x feminine hygiene,crystal x fifi,crystal x forum,crystal x forum ibu hamil,crystal x free ongkir,crystal x fungsi,crystal x gambar,crystal x gatal,crystal x gold,crystal x gold shipping,crystal x gorontalo,crystal x gratis,crystal x gratis ongkir,crystal x gresik,crystal x grosir,crystal x gunanya,crystal x halal mui,crystal x hamil,crystal x harga,crystal x harga asli,crystal x harga grosir,crystal x harga termurah,crystal x herbal,crystal x herbastamin,crystal x hoax,crystal x hong kong,crystal x ibuhamil.com,crystal x in english,crystal x in malaysia,crystal x in singapore,crystal x indonesia,crystal x itu apa,crystal x itu apa sih,crystal x jakarta,crystal x jakarta timur,crystal x jambi,crystal x jember,crystal x jepara,crystal x jogja,crystal x jogja kota yogyakarta daerah istimewa yogyakarta 55161,crystal x jogja kota yogyakarta daerah istimewa yogyakarta indonesia,crystal x jombang,crystal x jual,crystal x kadaluarsa,crystal x kebumen,crystal x kegunaan,crystal x keluar putih,crystal x kemasan lama,crystal x kendal,crystal x klaten,crystal x komposisi,crystal x korea,crystal x kw,crystal x laci kosmetik,crystal x lailatul,crystal x lailatul khoiriyah,crystal x lama,crystal x lamongan,crystal x lampung,crystal x lazada,crystal x luntur,crystal x luntur asli atau palsu,crystal x luntur hijau,crystal x makassar,crystal x malang,crystal x manfaat,crystal x medan,crystal x mempercepat kehamilan,crystal x mengobati kanker serviks,crystal x menurut dokter,crystal x menurut dokter boyke,crystal x menurut medis,crystal x murah,crystal x nasa,crystal x nasa 2016,crystal x nasa 2017,crystal x nasa asli,crystal x nasa kecamatan sidoarjo jawa timur,crystal x nasa surabaya,crystal x nasa testimoni,crystal x nasa yogyakarta,crystal x natural nusantara,crystal x new,crystal x obat ambeien,crystal x obat apa,crystal x obat keputihan,crystal x obat kista,crystal x online,crystal x ori,crystal x ori vs palsu,crystal x original barcode,crystal x original murah,crystal x original nasa,crystal x palsu,crystal x pecah,crystal x pekanbaru,crystal x pemakaian,crystal x penipuan,crystal x produk nasa,crystal x promil,crystal x pt natural nusantara,crystal x pt. nasa kota yogyakarta daerah istimewa yogyakarta 55000,crystal x purwokerto,crystal x ray,crystal x ray diffraction,crystal x rejeki shop,crystal x reports,crystal x resmi,crystal x retak,crystal x review,crystal x ring,crystal x root,crystal x saat haid,crystal x saat hamil,crystal x samarinda,crystal x sebelum berhubungan intim,crystal x semarang,crystal x sembuhkan kista,crystal x setelah melahirkan,crystal x solo,crystal x surabaya,crystal x surabaya kota sby jawa timur,crystal x tahan berapa lama,crystal x tegal,crystal x terbaru,crystal x terbaru 2017,crystal x terbuat dari,crystal x termurah,crystal x testi,crystal x testimoni,crystal x tidak luntur,crystal x tokopedia,crystal x untuk,crystal x untuk apa,crystal x untuk ibu hamil,crystal x untuk kanker serviks,crystal x untuk kesuburan,crystal x untuk melancarkan haid,crystal x untuk miom,crystal x untuk pria,crystal x untuk wasir,crystal x untuk yang belum menikah,crystal x v,crystal x vid,crystal x viewer,crystal x void,crystal x vroman,crystal x vs manjakani kanza,crystal x vs tongkat madura,crystal x wallpaper,crystal x wanita,crystal x wanita hamil,crystal x warna biru,crystal x warnanya luntur,crystal x wasir,crystal x web id,crystal x westbrooks,crystal x wilayah jakarta,crystal x wilayah surabaya,crystal x y 違い,crystal x yang asli,crystal x yang baru,crystal x yang murah,crystal x yang original,crystal x yang patah,crystal x yang pecah,crystal x yg ori,crystal x yg pecah,crystal x yogyakarta,crystal x youtube,crystal y crystal x,crystal y xavi,crystallex venezuela,dj crystal drop xtc,dota 2 crystal maiden x sven,dragon ball z xenoverse crystal,dragon ball z xenoverse crystal battle suit,dragon ball z xenoverse crystal shards,e-papieros mild x1 - crystal 2 opinie,eglo auriga crystal 5 x 33 вт g9 ip20,half life 2 xen crystal,harga crystal x 2014,harga crystal x 2015,harga crystal x 2016,holland v crystal jade xiao long bao,instagram krystal f(x),krystal f x album,krystal f x download,krystal f(x) 2015,krystal f(x) dan jessica snsd,krystal f(x) korea,krystal f(x) profile,krystal f(x) tumblr,manfaat dan bahaya crystal x,manjakani vs crystal x,miss v crystal x,natural crystal x exclusive,nes v dan crystal x,nes v vs crystal x,phoenix crystal 1200mm x 700mm bath,plafon italux crystal 3 x 50 w cena,plafon italux crystal 3 x 50w,red x crystal,red x crystal fanfiction,red x crystal pokemon,red x111 memory crystal,red xiii crystal,red xiii memory crystal 2,red xiii memory crystal ffrk,review crystal x,sailor moon crystal 3 x 1,sh01g vs crystal x,sharp aquos crystal x 305sh,sharp aquos crystal x 402sh spec,sharp aquos crystal x 4pda,sharp aquos crystal x 5.5,sharp aquos crystal x x,sharp aquos crystal x xach tay,sharp crystal x 402sh,softbank aquos crystal x 402sh,testimoni crystal x 2011,testimoni crystal x 2015,time chasm crystal 2 xenoverse,time chasm crystal 4 xenoverse,time crystal 2 xenoverse,time crystal 3 xenoverse,time crystal 4 xenoverse,time crystal 5 xenoverse,video crystal x,vie x dan crystal x,viex v dan crystal x,waterford crystal 8 x 10 picture frame,waterford crystal frame 5x7,wharfedale crystal 3 xl,what is crystal x,what is crystal xcelsius,what is crystal xp,windows 8 crystal reports xi,x._crystal_.x,xbox 1 crystal,xbox 1 crystal edition,xenon o crystal vision,xillia 2 crystal beak,xillia 2 crystal seashell,xml a crystal reports,xperia l crystal case,xperia m crystal cover,xperia u crystal case,xperia z crystal case,xperia z crystal cover,xtreme vision x crystal vision,y+x crystal clear case,żyrandol crystal 3 x 60 w e27,żyrandol crystal 4 x 60 w e27

DAPATKAN CRYSTAL X ASLI NASA HANYA DI DISTRIBUTOR RESMI NASA


Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Womens Advocate

Even as a high school student, Dave Goldberg was urging female classmates to speak up. As a young dot-com executive, he had one girlfriend after another, but fell hard for a driven friend named Sheryl Sandberg, pining after her for years. After they wed, Mr. Goldberg pushed her to negotiate hard for high compensation and arranged his schedule so that he could be home with their children when she was traveling for work.

Mr. Goldberg, who died unexpectedly on Friday, was a genial, 47-year-old Silicon Valley entrepreneur who built his latest company, SurveyMonkey, from a modest enterprise to one recently valued by investors at $2 billion. But he was also perhaps the signature male feminist of his era: the first major chief executive in memory to spur his wife to become as successful in business as he was, and an essential figure in “Lean In,” Ms. Sandberg’s blockbuster guide to female achievement.

Over the weekend, even strangers were shocked at his death, both because of his relatively young age and because they knew of him as the living, breathing, car-pooling center of a new philosophy of two-career marriage.

“They were very much the role models for what this next generation wants to grapple with,” said Debora L. Spar, the president of Barnard College. In a 2011 commencement speech there, Ms. Sandberg told the graduates that whom they married would be their most important career decision.

In the play “The Heidi Chronicles,” revived on Broadway this spring, a male character who is the founder of a media company says that “I don’t want to come home to an A-plus,” explaining that his ambitions require him to marry an unthreatening helpmeet. Mr. Goldberg grew up to hold the opposite view, starting with his upbringing in progressive Minneapolis circles where “there was woman power in every aspect of our lives,” Jeffrey Dachis, a childhood friend, said in an interview.

The Goldberg parents read “The Feminine Mystique” together — in fact, Mr. Goldberg’s father introduced it to his wife, according to Ms. Sandberg’s book. In 1976, Paula Goldberg helped found a nonprofit to aid children with disabilities. Her husband, Mel, a law professor who taught at night, made the family breakfast at home.

Later, when Dave Goldberg was in high school and his prom date, Jill Chessen, stayed silent in a politics class, he chastised her afterward. He said, “You need to speak up,” Ms. Chessen recalled in an interview. “They need to hear your voice.”

Years later, when Karin Gilford, an early employee at Launch Media, Mr. Goldberg’s digital music company, became a mother, he knew exactly what to do. He kept giving her challenging assignments, she recalled, but also let her work from home one day a week. After Yahoo acquired Launch, Mr. Goldberg became known for distributing roses to all the women in the office on Valentine’s Day.

Ms. Sandberg, who often describes herself as bossy-in-a-good-way, enchanted him when they became friendly in the mid-1990s. He “was smitten with her,” Ms. Chessen remembered. Ms. Sandberg was dating someone else, but Mr. Goldberg still hung around, even helping her and her then-boyfriend move, recalled Bob Roback, a friend and co-founder of Launch. When they finally married in 2004, friends remember thinking how similar the two were, and that the qualities that might have made Ms. Sandberg intimidating to some men drew Mr. Goldberg to her even more.

Over the next decade, Mr. Goldberg and Ms. Sandberg pioneered new ways of capturing information online, had a son and then a daughter, became immensely wealthy, and hashed out their who-does-what-in-this-marriage issues. Mr. Goldberg’s commute from the Bay Area to Los Angeles became a strain, so he relocated, later joking that he “lost the coin flip” of where they would live. He paid the bills, she planned the birthday parties, and both often left their offices at 5:30 so they could eat dinner with their children before resuming work afterward.

Friends in Silicon Valley say they were careful to conduct their careers separately, politely refusing when outsiders would ask one about the other’s work: Ms. Sandberg’s role building Facebook into an information and advertising powerhouse, and Mr. Goldberg at SurveyMonkey, which made polling faster and cheaper. But privately, their work was intertwined. He often began statements to his team with the phrase “Well, Sheryl said” sharing her business advice. He counseled her, too, starting with her salary negotiations with Mark Zuckerberg.

“I wanted Mark to really feel he stretched to get Sheryl, because she was worth it,” Mr. Goldberg explained in a 2013 “60 Minutes” interview, his Minnesota accent and his smile intact as he offered a rare peek of the intersection of marriage and money at the top of corporate life.

 

 

While his wife grew increasingly outspoken about women’s advancement, Mr. Goldberg quietly advised the men in the office on family and partnership matters, an associate said. Six out of 16 members of SurveyMonkey’s management team are female, an almost unheard-of ratio among Silicon Valley “unicorns,” or companies valued at over $1 billion.

When Mellody Hobson, a friend and finance executive, wrote a chapter of “Lean In” about women of color for the college edition of the book, Mr. Goldberg gave her feedback on the draft, a clue to his deep involvement. He joked with Ms. Hobson that she was too long-winded, like Ms. Sandberg, but aside from that, he said he loved the chapter, she said in an interview.

By then, Mr. Goldberg was a figure of fascination who inspired a “where can I get one of those?” reaction among many of the women who had read the best seller “Lean In.” Some lamented that Ms. Sandberg’s advice hinged too much on marrying a Dave Goldberg, who was humble enough to plan around his wife, attentive enough to worry about which shoes his young daughter would wear, and rich enough to help pay for the help that made the family’s balancing act manageable.

Now that he is gone, and Ms. Sandberg goes from being half of a celebrated partnership to perhaps the business world’s most prominent single mother, the pages of “Lean In” carry a new sting of loss.

“We are never at 50-50 at any given moment — perfect equality is hard to define or sustain — but we allow the pendulum to swing back and forth between us,” she wrote in 2013, adding that they were looking forward to raising teenagers together.

“Fortunately, I have Dave to figure it out with me,” she wrote.

The Uphill Battle to Better Regulate Formaldehyde

WASHINGTON — A decade after emergency trailers meant to shelter Hurricane Katrina victims instead caused burning eyes, sore throats and other more serious ailments, the Environmental Protection Agency is on the verge of regulating the culprit: formaldehyde, a chemical that can be found in commonplace things like clothes and furniture.

But an unusual assortment of players, including furniture makers, the Chinese government, Republicans from states with a large base of furniture manufacturing and even some Democrats who championed early regulatory efforts, have questioned the E.P.A. proposal. The sustained opposition has held sway, as the agency is now preparing to ease key testing requirements before it releases the landmark federal health standard.

The E.P.A.’s five-year effort to adopt this rule offers another example of how industry opposition can delay and hamper attempts by the federal government to issue regulations, even to control substances known to be harmful to human health.

Continue reading the main story
 

Document: The Formaldehyde Fight

Formaldehyde is a known carcinogen that can also cause respiratory ailments like asthma, but the potential of long-term exposure to cause cancers like myeloid leukemia is less well understood.

The E.P.A.’s decision would be the first time that the federal government has regulated formaldehyde inside most American homes.

“The stakes are high for public health,” said Tom Neltner, senior adviser for regulatory affairs at the National Center for Healthy Housing, who has closely monitored the debate over the rules. “What we can’t have here is an outcome that fails to confront the health threat we all know exists.”

The proposal would not ban formaldehyde — commonly used as an ingredient in wood glue in furniture and flooring — but it would impose rules that prevent dangerous levels of the chemical’s vapors from those products, and would set testing standards to ensure that products sold in the United States comply with those limits. The debate has sharpened in the face of growing concern about the safety of formaldehyde-treated flooring imported from Asia, especially China.

What is certain is that a lot of money is at stake: American companies sell billions of dollars’ worth of wood products each year that contain formaldehyde, and some argue that the proposed regulation would impose unfair costs and restrictions.

Determined to block the agency’s rule as proposed, these industry players have turned to the White House, members of Congress and top E.P.A. officials, pressing them to roll back the testing requirements in particular, calling them redundant and too expensive.

“There are potentially over a million manufacturing jobs that will be impacted if the proposed rule is finalized without changes,” wrote Bill Perdue, the chief lobbyist at the American Home Furnishings Alliance, a leading critic of the testing requirements in the proposed regulation, in one letter to the E.P.A.

Industry opposition helped create an odd alignment of forces working to thwart the rule. The White House moved to strike out key aspects of the proposal. Subsequent appeals for more changes were voiced by players as varied as Senator Barbara Boxer, Democrat of California, and Senator Roger Wicker, Republican of Mississippi, as well as furniture industry lobbyists.

Hurricane Katrina in 2005 helped ignite the public debate over formaldehyde, after the deadly storm destroyed or damaged hundreds of thousands of homes along the Gulf of Mexico, forcing families into temporary trailers provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

The displaced storm victims quickly began reporting respiratory problems, burning eyes and other issues, and tests then confirmed high levels of formaldehyde fumes leaking into the air inside the trailers, which in many cases had been hastily constructed.

Public health advocates petitioned the E.P.A. to issue limits on formaldehyde in building materials and furniture used in homes, given that limits already existed for exposure in workplaces. But three years after the storm, only California had issued such limits.

Industry groups like the American Chemistry Council have repeatedly challenged the science linking formaldehyde to cancer, a position championed by David Vitter, the Republican senator from Louisiana, who is a major recipient of chemical industry campaign contributions, and whom environmental groups have mockingly nicknamed “Senator Formaldehyde.”

Continue reading the main story

Formaldehyde in Laminate Flooring

In laminate flooring, formaldehyde is used as a bonding agent in the fiberboard (or other composite wood) core layer and may also be used in glues that bind layers together. Concerns were raised in March when certain laminate flooring imported from China was reported to contain levels of formaldehyde far exceeding the limit permitted by California.

Typical

laminate

flooring

CLEAR FINISH LAYER

Often made of melamine resin

PATTERN LAYER

Paper printed to resemble wood,

or a thin wood veneer

GLUE

Layers may be bound using

formaldehyde-based glues

CORE LAYER

Fiberboard or other

composite, formed using

formaldehyde-based adhesives

BASE LAYER

Moisture-resistant vapor barrier

What is formaldehyde?

Formaldehyde is a common chemical used in many industrial and household products as an adhesive, bonding agent or preservative. It is classified as a volatile organic compound. The term volatile means that, at room temperature, formaldehyde will vaporize, or become a gas. Products made with formaldehyde tend to release this gas into the air. If breathed in large quantities, it may cause health problems.

WHERE IT IS COMMONLY FOUND

POTENTIAL HEALTH RISKS

Pressed-wood and composite wood products

Wallpaper and paints

Spray foam insulation used in construction

Commercial wood floor finishes

Crease-resistant fabrics

In cigarette smoke, or in the fumes from combustion of other materials, including wood, oil and gasoline.

Exposure to formaldehyde in sufficient amounts may cause eye, throat or skin irritation, allergic reactions, and respiratory problems like coughing, wheezing or asthma.

Long-term exposure to high levels has been associated with cancer in humans and laboratory animals.

Exposure to formaldehyde may affect some people more severely than others.

By 2010, public health advocates and some industry groups secured bipartisan support in Congress for legislation that ordered the E.P.A. to issue federal rules that largely mirrored California’s restrictions. At the time, concerns were rising over the growing number of lower-priced furniture imports from Asia that might include contaminated products, while also hurting sales of American-made products.

Maneuvering began almost immediately after the E.P.A. prepared draft rules to formally enact the new standards.

White House records show at least five meetings in mid-2012 with industry executives — kitchen cabinet makers, chemical manufacturers, furniture trade associations and their lobbyists, like Brock R. Landry, of the Venable law firm. These parties, along with Senator Vitter’s office, appealed to top administration officials, asking them to intervene to roll back the E.P.A. proposal.

The White House Office of Management and Budget, which reviews major federal regulations before they are adopted, apparently agreed. After the White House review, the E.P.A. “redlined” many of the estimates of the monetary benefits that would be gained by reductions in related health ailments, like asthma and fertility issues, documents reviewed by The New York Times show.

As a result, the estimated benefit of the proposed rule dropped to $48 million a year, from as much as $278 million a year. The much-reduced amount deeply weakened the agency’s justification for the sometimes costly new testing that would be required under the new rules, a federal official involved in the effort said.

“It’s a redlining blood bath,” said Lisa Heinzerling, a Georgetown University Law School professor and a former E.P.A. official, using the Washington phrase to describe when language is stricken from a proposed rule. “Almost the entire discussion of these potential benefits was excised.”

Senator Vitter’s staff was pleased.

“That’s a huge difference,” said Luke Bolar, a spokesman for Mr. Vitter, of the reduced estimated financial benefits, saying the change was “clearly highlighting more mismanagement” at the E.P.A.

Advertisement

The review’s outcome galvanized opponents in the furniture industry. They then targeted a provision that mandated new testing of laminated wood, a cheaper alternative to hardwood. (The California standard on which the law was based did not require such testing.)

But E.P.A. scientists had concluded that these laminate products — millions of which are sold annually in the United States — posed a particular risk. They said that when thin layers of wood, also known as laminate or veneer, are added to furniture or flooring in the final stages of manufacturing, the resulting product can generate dangerous levels of fumes from often-used formaldehyde-based glues.

Industry executives, outraged by what they considered an unnecessary and financially burdensome level of testing, turned every lever within reach to get the requirement removed. It would be particularly onerous, they argued, for small manufacturers that would have to repeatedly interrupt their work to do expensive new testing. The E.P.A. estimated that the expanded requirements for laminate products would cost the furniture industry tens of millions of dollars annually, while the industry said that the proposed rule over all would cost its 7,000 American manufacturing facilities over $200 million each year.

“A lot of people don’t seem to appreciate what a lot of these requirements do to a small operation,” said Dick Titus, executive vice president of the Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association, whose members are predominantly small businesses. “A 10-person shop, for example, just really isn’t equipped to handle that type of thing.”

Photo
 
Becky Gillette wants strong regulation of formaldehyde. Credit Beth Hall for The New York Times

Big industry players also weighed in. Executives from companies including La-Z-Boy, Hooker Furniture and Ashley Furniture all flew to Washington for a series of meetings with the offices of lawmakers including House Speaker John Boehner, Republican of Ohio, and about a dozen other lawmakers, asking several of them to sign a letter prepared by the industry to press the E.P.A. to back down, according to an industry report describing the lobbying visit.

Within a matter of weeks, two letters — using nearly identical language — were sent by House and Senate lawmakers to the E.P.A. — with the industry group forwarding copies of the letters to the agency as well, and then posting them on its website.

The industry lobbyists also held their own meeting at E.P.A. headquarters, and they urged Jim Jones, who oversaw the rule-making process as the assistant administrator for the agency’s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention, to visit a North Carolina furniture manufacturing plant. According to the trade group, Mr. Jones told them that the visit had “helped the agency shift its thinking” about the rules and how laminated products should be treated.

The resistance was particularly intense from lawmakers like Mr. Wicker of Mississippi, whose state is home to major manufacturing plants owned by Ashley Furniture Industries, the world’s largest furniture maker, and who is one of the biggest recipients in Congress of donations from the industry’s trade association. Asked if the political support played a role, a spokesman for Mr. Wicker replied: “Thousands of Mississippians depend on the furniture manufacturing industry for their livelihoods. Senator Wicker is committed to defending all Mississippians from government overreach.”

Individual companies like Ikea also intervened, as did the Chinese government, which claimed that the new rule would create a “great barrier” to the import of Chinese products because of higher costs.

Perhaps the most surprising objection came from Senator Boxer, of California, a longtime environmental advocate, whose office questioned why the E.P.A.’s rule went further than her home state’s in seeking testing on laminated products. “We did not advocate an outcome, other than safety,” her office said in a statement about why the senator raised concerns. “We said ‘Take a look to see if you have it right.’ ”

Safety advocates say that tighter restrictions — like the ones Ms. Boxer and Mr. Wicker, along with Representative Doris Matsui, a California Democrat, have questioned — are necessary, particularly for products coming from China, where items as varied as toys and Christmas lights have been found to violate American safety standards.

While Mr. Neltner, the environmental advocate who has been most involved in the review process, has been open to compromise, he has pressed the E.P.A. not to back down entirely, and to maintain a requirement that laminators verify that their products are safe.

An episode of CBS’s “60 Minutes” in March brought attention to the issue when it accused Lumber Liquidators, the discount flooring retailer, of selling laminate products with dangerous levels of formaldehyde. The company has disputed the show’s findings and test methods, maintaining that its products are safe.

“People think that just because Congress passed the legislation five years ago, the problem has been fixed,” said Becky Gillette, who then lived in coastal Mississippi, in the area hit by Hurricane Katrina, and was among the first to notice a pattern of complaints from people living in the trailers. “Real people’s faces and names come up in front of me when I think of the thousands of people who could get sick if this rule is not done right.”

An aide to Ms. Matsui rejected any suggestion that she was bending to industry pressure.

“From the beginning the public health has been our No. 1 concern,” said Kyle J. Victor, an aide to Ms. Matsui.

But further changes to the rule are likely, agency officials concede, as they say they are searching for a way to reduce the cost of complying with any final rule while maintaining public health goals. The question is just how radically the agency will revamp the testing requirement for laminated products — if it keeps it at all.

“It’s not a secret to anybody that is the most challenging issue,” said Mr. Jones, the E.P.A. official overseeing the process, adding that the health consequences from formaldehyde are real. “We have to reduce those exposures so that people can live healthy lives and not have to worry about being in their homes.”

Untuk Info Lebih Detail, Silahkan Hubungi :
Nama : Eka Hidayatullah
Telp : 081297559545
SMS/WA : 081297559545
Pin BB : D3785743
Email : ekahidayatulloh@gmail.com
Website : http://rahayushop.web.id/produk/3/Crystal-X-Asli-Original-NASA
Share this Advertise on :
Produk Iklan Terkait Lainnya :
Distributor Resmi Crystal X Asli NASA
Jual Crystal X Asli Original NASA
Jual Crystal X Asli BerBPOM
Harga Crystal X Asli Original NASA
Service AC Mobil Murah

Pusat Informasi Lowongan Kerja Terbaru 2017

Copyright 2014 All right reserved | Created by SangMio | Supported by Pasang Iklan Baris Massal